Professor Klaus von Klitzing

Senior Fellow of Hong Kong Institute for Advanced Study, City University of Hong Kong

Director of the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Germany

Honorary Member of the German Physical Society

Foreign Member of the Royal Society, UK

Nobel Laureate in Physics (1985)

Professor Klaus von Klitzing

Contact Information

Web: Personal Homepage
Prof. Dr. Klaus von Klitzing is heading the department "Low Dimensional Electron Systems" at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research in Stuttgart, Germany.

He was born on 28th June 1943 in Schroda. Klaus von Klitzing studied Physics at the Technical University of Braunschweig. He continued his scientific career at the University of Würzburg, receiving his doctorate in 1972 and his habilitation in 1978. Subsequently, he was appointed professor at the Technical University of Munich (1980-1984), before becoming both Honorarprofessor (part-time prof.) at the University of Stuttgart and Director and Scientific Member at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research in 1985.

During his scientific career, Klaus von Klitzing had research stays at the University of Oxford, England, at the High Magnetic Field Laboratory in Grenoble, France, and at the IBM Research Lab in the Yorktown Heights, USA.

In 1985, the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Klaus von Klitzing "for the discovery of the quantized Hall effect".

Scientific Awards / Honours / Memberships (selection)

  • Nobel Prize for Physics (1985)
  • Designation of the fundamental constant RK = h/e2 as von Klitzing constant
  • Honorary Member German Physical Society
  • Numerous Honorary Doctorates

Research Keywords (selection)

  • Experimental semiconductor physics
  • Low dimensional electron systems
  • Nanoelectronics
  • Molecular quantum structures

Selected Publication

  • K. v. Klitzing, G. Dorda, and M. Pepper
    New Method for High-Accuracy Determination of the Fine-Structure Constant Based on Quantized Hall Resistance
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 494–497 (1980)
  • D.Stein, K.v.Klitzing, and G.Weimann
    Electron Spin Resonance on GaAs-AlGaAs Heterostructures
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 130-133 (1983)
  • G. Ebert, K. v. Klitzing, C.Probst, E.Schuberth, K.Ploog, and G. Weimann
    Hopping Conduction in the Landau-Level Tails in GaAs-AlGaAs Heterostructures at Low Temperatures
    Solid State Commun. 45, 625-628 (1983) 
  • R.J. Haug, R.R. Gerhardts, K. v. Klitzing, and K. Ploog
    Effect of Repulsive and Attractive Scattering Centers on the Magnetotransport Properties of a Two-Dimensional Electron Gas
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1349 (1987)
  • R.J. Nicholas, R.J. Haug, K. v. Klitzing, and G. Weimann
    Exchange Enhancement of the Spin Splitting in a GaAs-GaxAl1-xAs- Heterojunction
    Phys. Rev. B 37, 1294, (1988)
  • M. Dobers, K. v. Klitzing, J. Schneider, G. Weimann, and K. Ploog
    Electrical Detection of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in GaAs-AlxGa1-x Heterostructures
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 1650 (1988)
  • R. Haug and K. v. Klitzing
    Influence of edge currents on Shubnikov-deHaas oscillations in Two Dimensional Systems
    Europhys. Lett. 10, 489 (1989)
  • R.R. Gerhardts, D. Weiss, and K. von Klitzing
    Novel Magnetoresistance Oscillations in a Periodically Modulated Two-Dimensional Electron Gas
    Phys.Rev.Lett. 62, 1173 (1989)
  • G. Müller, D. Weiss, S. Koch, K. von Klitzing, H. Nickel, W. Schlapp, and R. Lösch
    Current Carrying Edge Channels and the Role of Contacts in the Quantum Hall Regime
    In Proc. 20th Int. Conf. on the Physics of Semiconductors, Thessaloniki, Greece, 1990,
    E.M. Anastassakis and J.D. Joannopoulos, eds., Vol. 2, World Scientific, 1990, pages 829–832
  • U. Klaß W. Dietsche, K. v. Klitzing, and K. Ploog
    Imaging of the Dissipation in Quantum-Hall-Effect Experiments
    Z. Physik B 82, 351–354 (1991)
  • S. Koch, R.J. Haug, K. von Klitzing, and K. Ploog
    Experiments on Scaling in AlGaAs/GaAs-Heterostructures under Quantum Hall Conditions
    Phys. Rev. B 43, 6828–6831 (1991)
  • V.T. Dolgopolov, A.A. Shashkin, N.B. Zhitenev, S.I. Dorozhkin, and K. v. Klitzing
    Quantum Hall Effect in the Absence of Edge Currents
    Phys. Rev. B 46, 12560–12567 (1992)
  • E. Vasiliadou, G. Müller, D. Heitmann, D. Weiss, K. v. Klitzing, H. Nickel, W. Schlapp, and R. Lösch
    Collective Response in the Microwave Photoconductivity of Hall Bar Structures
    Phys. Rev. B 48, 17145–17148 (1993)
  • N.B. Zhitenev, R.J. Haug, K. v. Klitzing, and K. Eberl
    Time-Resolved Measurements of Transport in Edge Channels
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2292–2295 (1993)
  • P.D. Ye, D.Weiss, R.R. Gerhardts, M. Seeger, K. von Klitzing, K. Eberl, and H. Nickel
    Electrons in a Periodic Magnetic Field Induced by a Regular Array of Micromagnets
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3013–3016 (1995)
  • G. Ernst, R.J. Haug, J. Kuhl, K. v. Klitzing, and K. Eberl
    Acoustic Edge Modes of the Degenerate Two-Dimensional Electron Gas Studied by Time-Resolved Magnetotransport Measurements
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4245–4248 (1996)
  • Y.Y. Wei, J. Weis, K. v. Klitzing, and K. Eberl
    Edge Strips in the Quantum Hall Regime Imaged by a Single-Electron Transistor
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1674–1677 (1998)
  • S. Kronmüller, W. Dietsche, J. Weis, K. v. Klitzing, W. Wegscheider, and M. Bichler
    New Resistance Maxima in the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect Regime
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2526–2529 (1998)
  • S. Kronmüller, W. Dietsche, K. v. Klitzing, G. Denninger, W. Wegscheider, and M. Bichler
    New Type of Electron Nuclear-Spin Interaction in the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect Regime
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4070–4073 (1999)
  • J.H. Smet, S. Jobst, K. von Klitzing, D. Weiss, W. Wegscheider, and V. Umansky
    Commensurate Composite Fermions in Weak Periodic Electrostatic Potentials: Direct Evidence of a Periodic Effective Magnetic Field
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2620–2623 (1999)
  • P. Weitz, E. Ahlswede, J. Weis, K. von Klitzing, and K. Eberl
    Hall-Potential Investigations under Quantum Hall Conditions Using Scanning Force Microscopy
    Physica E 6, 247–250 (2000)
  • J. Schmid, J. Weis, K. Eberl, and K. v. Klitzing
    Absence of Odd-Even Parity Behavior for Kondo Resonances in Quantum Dots
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5824–5827 (2000)
  • C. Albrecht, J.H. Smet, K. von Klitzing, D. Weiss, V. Umansky, and H. Schweizer
    Evidence of Hofstadter’s Fractal Energy Spectrum in the Quantized Hall Conductance
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 147–150 (2001)
  • I.V. Kukushkin, J.H. Smet, K. von Klitzing, and W. Wegscheider
    Cyclotron Resonance of Composite Fermions
    Nature 415, 409–412 (2002)
  • R.G. Mani, J.H. Smet, K. von Klitzing, V. Narayanamurti, W.B. Johnson, and V. Umansky
    Zero-Resistance-States Induced by Electromagnetic-Wave-Excitation in GaAs/AlGaAs Heterostructures
    Nature 420, 646–650 (2002)
  • J. H. Smet, R. A. Deutschmann, F. Ertl, W. Wegschneider, G. Abstreiter, and K. von Klitzing
    Anomalous-Filling-Factor-Dependent Nuclear-Spin Polarization in a 2D Electron System
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 086802/1–4 (2004)
  • I.V. Kukushkin, Akimov I. V., M. Yu., J.H. Smet, S.A. Mikhailov, K. von Klitzing, I.L. Aleiner, and V.I. Falko
    New type of B-periodic magneto-oscillations in a two-dimensional electron system induced by microwave irradiation
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 236803 (2004)
  • J. Huels, J. Weis, J. Smet, and K. v. Klitzing
    Long Time Relaxation Phenomena of a Two-Dimensional Electron System within Integer Quantum Hall Plateau Regimes after Magnetic Field Sweeps
    Phys. Rev. B 69, 085319 (2004)
  • A. Siddiki and R.R. Gerhardts
    Incompressible strips in dissipative Hall bars as origin of quantized Hall plateaus
    Physical Review B 70, 195335/1–12 (2004)
  • I.V. Kukushkin, J.H. Smet, L. Hoeppel, U. Waizmann, and M. Riek
    Ultrahigh-frequency surface acoustic waves for finite wave-vector spectroscopy of twodimensional electrons
    Applied Phys. Letters 85, 4526–4528 (2004)
  • I.V. Kukushkin, J.H. Smet, D.S. Lyne Abergel, V.I. Fal’ko, W. Wegscheider, and K. von Klitzing
    Detection of Electron Spin Resonance of Two-Dimensional Electrons at LargeWave Vectors
    Physical Review Letters 96, 126807/1–4 (2006)
  • J. Martin, N. Akerman, G. Ulbricht, T. Lohmann, J. H. Smet, and K. von Klitzing
    Observation of electron-hole puddles in graphene using a scanning single-electron transistor
    Nature Physics 4, 144 – 148 (2008)
  • L. Tiemann, J.G.S. Lok, W. Dietsche, K. von Klitzing, K. Muraki, D. Schuh, and W. Wegscheider
    Exciton condensate at a total filling factor of one in Corbino two-dimensional electron bilayers
    Physical Review B 77, 033306 (2008)
  • I.V. Kukushkin, J. H. Smet, V.W. Scarola, V. Umansky, and K. von Klitzing
    Dispersion of the Excitations of Fractional Quantum Hall States
    Science 324, 1044–1047 (2009)
  • J. Martin, N. Akerman, G. Ulbricht, T. Lohmann, K. von Klitzing, J.H. Smet, and A. Yacoby
    The nature of localization in graphene under quantum Hall conditions
    Nature Physics 5, 669 – 674 (2009)
  • L. Tiemann, Y. Yoon, W. Dietsche, K. von Klitzing, and W. Wegscheider
    Dominant parameters for the critical tunneling current in bilayer exciton condensate
    Physical Review B 80, 165120 (2009)
  • F. Dahlem, E. Ahlswede, J. Weis, and K. von Klitzing
    Cryogenic scanning force microscopy of quantum Hall samples: Adiabatic transport originating in anisotropic depletion at contact interfaces
    Physical Review B 82, 121305 (2010)
  • S.I. Dorozhkin, L. Pfeiffer, K. West, K. von Klitzing, and J.H. Smet
    Random telegraph photosignals in a microwave-exposed two-dimensional electron system
    Nature Physics 7, 336–341 (2011)
  • J. Weis and K. v. Klitzing
    Metrology and microscopic picture of the integer quantum Hall effect
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A - Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 369, 3954-3974 (2011)
  • X. Huang, W. Dietsche, M. Hauser, and K. von Klitzing
    Coupling of Josephson Currents in Quantum Hall Bilyers
    Physical Review Letters 109, 156802 (2012)
  • D. Zhang, S. Schmult, V. Venkatachalam, W. Dietsche, A. Yacoby, K. v. Klitzing and J. Smet
    Local compressibility measurement of the nu tot=1 quantum Hall state in a bilayer electron system
    Physical Review B 87, 205304  (2013)