# Professor Klaus von Klitzing

## Senior Fellow of Hong Kong Institute for Advanced Study, City University of Hong Kong

## Director of the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Germany

## Honorary Member of the German Physical Society

## Foreign Member of the Royal Society, UK

## Nobel Laureate in Physics (1985)

## Contact Information

Email: | K.Klitzing@fkf.mpg.de |
---|---|

Web: | Personal Homepage |

Prof. Dr. Klaus von Klitzing is heading the department "Low Dimensional Electron Systems" at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research in Stuttgart, Germany.

He was born on 28th June 1943 in Schroda. Klaus von Klitzing studied Physics at the Technical University of Braunschweig. He continued his scientific career at the University of Würzburg, receiving his doctorate in 1972 and his habilitation in 1978. Subsequently, he was appointed professor at the Technical University of Munich (1980-1984), before becoming both Honorarprofessor (part-time prof.) at the University of Stuttgart and Director and Scientific Member at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research in 1985.

During his scientific career, Klaus von Klitzing had research stays at the University of Oxford, England, at the High Magnetic Field Laboratory in Grenoble, France, and at the IBM Research Lab in the Yorktown Heights, USA.

In 1985, the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Klaus von Klitzing "for the discovery of the quantized Hall effect".

He was born on 28th June 1943 in Schroda. Klaus von Klitzing studied Physics at the Technical University of Braunschweig. He continued his scientific career at the University of Würzburg, receiving his doctorate in 1972 and his habilitation in 1978. Subsequently, he was appointed professor at the Technical University of Munich (1980-1984), before becoming both Honorarprofessor (part-time prof.) at the University of Stuttgart and Director and Scientific Member at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research in 1985.

During his scientific career, Klaus von Klitzing had research stays at the University of Oxford, England, at the High Magnetic Field Laboratory in Grenoble, France, and at the IBM Research Lab in the Yorktown Heights, USA.

In 1985, the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Klaus von Klitzing "for the discovery of the quantized Hall effect".

# Scientific Awards / Honours / Memberships (selection)

- Nobel Prize for Physics (1985)
- Designation of the fundamental constant R
_{K}= h/e^{2}as von Klitzing constant - Honorary Member German Physical Society
- Numerous Honorary Doctorates

# Research Keywords (selection)

- Experimental semiconductor physics
- Low dimensional electron systems
- Nanoelectronics
- Molecular quantum structures

# Selected Publication

*K. v. Klitzing, G. Dorda, and M. Pepper*

New Method for High-Accuracy Determination of the Fine-Structure Constant Based on Quantized Hall Resistance

Phys. Rev. Lett.**45**, 494–497 (1980)*D.Stein, K.v.Klitzing, and G.Weimann*

Electron Spin Resonance on GaAs-AlGaAs Heterostructures

Phys. Rev. Lett.**51**, 130-133 (1983)*G. Ebert, K. v. Klitzing, C.Probst, E.Schuberth, K.Ploog, and G. Weimann*

Hopping Conduction in the Landau-Level Tails in GaAs-AlGaAs Heterostructures at Low Temperatures

Solid State Commun.**45**, 625-628 (1983)*R.J. Haug, R.R. Gerhardts, K. v. Klitzing, and K. Ploog*

Effect of Repulsive and Attractive Scattering Centers on the Magnetotransport Properties of a Two-Dimensional Electron Gas

Phys. Rev. Lett.**59**, 1349 (1987)*R.J. Nicholas, R.J. Haug, K. v. Klitzing, and G. Weimann*

Exchange Enhancement of the Spin Splitting in a GaAs-GaxAl1-xAs- Heterojunction

Phys. Rev. B**37**, 1294, (1988)*M. Dobers, K. v. Klitzing, J. Schneider, G. Weimann, and K. Ploog*

Electrical Detection of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in GaAs-AlxGa1-x Heterostructures

Phys. Rev. Lett.**61**, 1650 (1988)*R. Haug and K. v. Klitzing*

Influence of edge currents on Shubnikov-deHaas oscillations in Two Dimensional Systems

Europhys. Lett.**10**, 489 (1989)*R.R. Gerhardts, D. Weiss, and K. von Klitzing*

Novel Magnetoresistance Oscillations in a Periodically Modulated Two-Dimensional Electron Gas

Phys.Rev.Lett.**62**, 1173 (1989)*G. Müller, D. Weiss, S. Koch, K. von Klitzing, H. Nickel, W. Schlapp, and R. Lösch*

Current Carrying Edge Channels and the Role of Contacts in the Quantum Hall Regime

In Proc. 20th Int. Conf. on the Physics of Semiconductors, Thessaloniki, Greece, 1990,

E.M. Anastassakis and J.D. Joannopoulos, eds., Vol. 2, World Scientific, 1990, pages 829–832*U. Klaß W. Dietsche, K. v. Klitzing, and K. Ploog*

Imaging of the Dissipation in Quantum-Hall-Effect Experiments

Z. Physik B**82**, 351–354 (1991)*S. Koch, R.J. Haug, K. von Klitzing, and K. Ploog*

Experiments on Scaling in AlGaAs/GaAs-Heterostructures under Quantum Hall Conditions

Phys. Rev. B**43**, 6828–6831 (1991)*V.T. Dolgopolov, A.A. Shashkin, N.B. Zhitenev, S.I. Dorozhkin, and K. v. Klitzing*

Quantum Hall Effect in the Absence of Edge Currents

Phys. Rev. B**46**, 12560–12567 (1992)*E. Vasiliadou, G. Müller, D. Heitmann, D. Weiss, K. v. Klitzing, H. Nickel,**W. Schlapp, and R. Lösch*

Collective Response in the Microwave Photoconductivity of Hall Bar Structures

Phys. Rev. B**48**, 17145–17148 (1993)*N.B. Zhitenev, R.J. Haug, K. v. Klitzing, and K. Eberl*

Time-Resolved Measurements of Transport in Edge Channels

Phys. Rev. Lett.**71**, 2292–2295 (1993)*P.D. Ye, D.Weiss, R.R. Gerhardts, M. Seeger, K. von Klitzing, K. Eberl, and H. Nickel*

Electrons in a Periodic Magnetic Field Induced by a Regular Array of Micromagnets

Phys. Rev. Lett.**74**, 3013–3016 (1995)*G. Ernst, R.J. Haug, J. Kuhl, K. v. Klitzing, and K. Eberl*

Acoustic Edge Modes of the Degenerate Two-Dimensional Electron Gas Studied by Time-Resolved Magnetotransport Measurements

Phys. Rev. Lett.**77**, 4245–4248 (1996)*Y.Y. Wei, J. Weis, K. v. Klitzing, and K. Eberl*

Edge Strips in the Quantum Hall Regime Imaged by a Single-Electron Transistor

Phys. Rev. Lett.**81**, 1674–1677 (1998)*S. Kronmüller, W. Dietsche, J. Weis, K. v. Klitzing, W. Wegscheider, and M. Bichler*

New Resistance Maxima in the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect Regime

Phys. Rev. Lett.**81**, 2526–2529 (1998)*S. Kronmüller, W. Dietsche, K. v. Klitzing, G. Denninger, W. Wegscheider, and M. Bichler*

New Type of Electron Nuclear-Spin Interaction in the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect Regime

Phys. Rev. Lett.**82**, 4070–4073 (1999)*J.H. Smet, S. Jobst, K. von Klitzing, D. Weiss, W. Wegscheider, and V. Umansky*

Commensurate Composite Fermions in Weak Periodic Electrostatic Potentials: Direct Evidence of a Periodic Effective Magnetic Field

Phys. Rev. Lett.**83**, 2620–2623 (1999)*P. Weitz, E. Ahlswede, J. Weis, K. von Klitzing, and K. Eberl*

Hall-Potential Investigations under Quantum Hall Conditions Using Scanning Force Microscopy

Physica E**6**, 247–250 (2000)*J. Schmid, J. Weis, K. Eberl, and K. v. Klitzing*

Absence of Odd-Even Parity Behavior for Kondo Resonances in Quantum Dots

Phys. Rev. Lett.**84**, 5824–5827 (2000)*C. Albrecht, J.H. Smet, K. von Klitzing, D. Weiss, V. Umansky, and H. Schweizer*

Evidence of Hofstadter’s Fractal Energy Spectrum in the Quantized Hall Conductance

Phys. Rev. Lett.**86**, 147–150 (2001)*I.V. Kukushkin, J.H. Smet, K. von Klitzing, and W. Wegscheider*

Cyclotron Resonance of Composite Fermions

Nature**415**, 409–412 (2002)*R.G. Mani, J.H. Smet, K. von Klitzing, V. Narayanamurti, W.B. Johnson, and V. Umansky*

Zero-Resistance-States Induced by Electromagnetic-Wave-Excitation in GaAs/AlGaAs Heterostructures

Nature**420**, 646–650 (2002)*J. H. Smet, R. A. Deutschmann, F. Ertl, W. Wegschneider, G. Abstreiter, and K. von Klitzing*

Anomalous-Filling-Factor-Dependent Nuclear-Spin Polarization in a 2D Electron System

Phys. Rev. Lett.**92**, 086802/1–4 (2004)*I.V. Kukushkin, Akimov I. V., M. Yu., J.H. Smet, S.A. Mikhailov, K. von Klitzing, I.L. Aleiner, and V.I. Falko*

New type of B-periodic magneto-oscillations in a two-dimensional electron system induced by microwave irradiation

Phys. Rev. Lett.**92**, 236803 (2004)*J. Huels, J. Weis, J. Smet, and K. v. Klitzing*

Long Time Relaxation Phenomena of a Two-Dimensional Electron System within Integer Quantum Hall Plateau Regimes after Magnetic Field Sweeps

Phys. Rev. B**69**, 085319 (2004)*A. Siddiki and R.R. Gerhardts*

Incompressible strips in dissipative Hall bars as origin of quantized Hall plateaus

Physical Review B**70**, 195335/1–12 (2004)*I.V. Kukushkin, J.H. Smet, L. Hoeppel, U. Waizmann, and M. Riek*

Ultrahigh-frequency surface acoustic waves for finite wave-vector spectroscopy of twodimensional electrons

Applied Phys. Letters**85**, 4526–4528 (2004)*I.V. Kukushkin, J.H. Smet, D.S. Lyne Abergel, V.I. Fal’ko, W. Wegscheider, and K. von Klitzing*

Detection of Electron Spin Resonance of Two-Dimensional Electrons at LargeWave Vectors

Physical Review Letters**96**, 126807/1–4 (2006)*J. Martin, N. Akerman, G. Ulbricht, T. Lohmann, J. H. Smet, and K. von Klitzing*

Observation of electron-hole puddles in graphene using a scanning single-electron transistor

Nature Physics**4**, 144 – 148 (2008)*L. Tiemann, J.G.S. Lok, W. Dietsche, K. von Klitzing, K. Muraki, D. Schuh, and W. Wegscheider*

Exciton condensate at a total filling factor of one in Corbino two-dimensional electron bilayers

Physical Review B**77**, 033306 (2008)*I.V. Kukushkin, J. H. Smet, V.W. Scarola, V. Umansky, and K. von Klitzing*

Dispersion of the Excitations of Fractional Quantum Hall States

Science**324**, 1044–1047 (2009)*J. Martin, N. Akerman, G. Ulbricht, T. Lohmann, K. von Klitzing, J.H. Smet, and A. Yacoby*

The nature of localization in graphene under quantum Hall conditions

Nature Physics**5**, 669 – 674 (2009)*L. Tiemann, Y. Yoon, W. Dietsche, K. von Klitzing, and W. Wegscheider*

Dominant parameters for the critical tunneling current in bilayer exciton condensate

Physical Review B**80**, 165120 (2009)*F. Dahlem, E. Ahlswede, J. Weis, and K. von Klitzing*

Cryogenic scanning force microscopy of quantum Hall samples: Adiabatic transport originating in anisotropic depletion at contact interfaces

Physical Review B**82**, 121305 (2010)*S.I. Dorozhkin, L. Pfeiffer, K. West, K. von Klitzing, and J.H. Smet*

Random telegraph photosignals in a microwave-exposed two-dimensional electron system

Nature Physics**7**, 336–341 (2011)*J. Weis and K. v. Klitzing*

Metrology and microscopic picture of the integer quantum Hall effect

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A - Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences,**369**, 3954-3974 (2011)*X. Huang, W. Dietsche, M. Hauser, and K. von Klitzing*

Coupling of Josephson Currents in Quantum Hall Bilyers

Physical Review Letters**109**, 156802 (2012)*D. Zhang, S. Schmult, V. Venkatachalam, W. Dietsche, A. Yacoby, K. v. Klitzing and J. Smet*

Local compressibility measurement of the nu tot=1 quantum Hall state in a bilayer electron system

Physical Review B**87**, 205304 (2013)